Treat Your Family Like Nobility

Historical Recipes from the European Aristocrats of the Past.

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Saturday, August 27, 2005

Chicken “kneles” - Main dish

Ingredients:

1 pack (1 lb) ground chicken
1 lb prepared rice (white, brown, any other one)
1 medium shallot
2 cans chicken broth (optional)
2 eggs (optional)
Salt on taste
Ground black pepper (optional)

Method:

Set large pan with water (2 cups) or chicken broth to heat.
Peel onion and cut it into small cubes.
In a large dish, mix ground meat, rice, onions, salt, and (optionally) eggs.
Knead until even consistency (3-5 minutes).
When water starts to boil, make “kneles”: take the mix with a wet hand and shape it into a ball (they will enlarge in water). Put the knele into the boiling water, and make the next one.
Repeat until the mix is gone.
Boil kneles for 5 – 10 minutes, it depends on their size.
Serve hot with your favorite sauce, or just with sour cream.

Saturday, August 20, 2005

Fish Galantine - Appetizer

Ingredients for 4:

1 lb fish fillet with skin
3 pieces wheat bread without crust
1/2 cup milk
2 tbsp butter or margarine
1 egg
Greens, salt and black ground pepper on taste
1/2 lemon

Method:

Peel off fish skin, cut and grind fish fillet.
Soak the bread in milk, and grind together bread and fish.
Melt margarine or butter.
Whip egg.
Mix together ground meat and bread, melted margarine, whipped egg, salt end pepper.
Blend mix until you get even consistency.
Cover the fish skin with the mix, and carefully roll it up.
Place galantine in a tight, fabric bag, and boil in salted water for about 20 minutes.
Dry and cool under press. You can use broth for fish jelly.
To serve, cut with a very sharp knife into thin slices, and surround with thin lemon slices and greens (dill, parsley, etc.) on the serving plate.

Friday, August 12, 2005

Cod liver salad 1 - Salads

This recipe with fish liver is very old. Before 1917, it contained fresh, boiled with greens and salt fish liver. Later, this was one of the most popular Soviet salads (the main problem was to get a can of “Cod liver in oil”). The recipe is one of the simplest, and very tasty. A person who lives in USA can get such cans in any European/Russian deli shops.
This recipe, like many Russian ones, allows variations in ratios of ingredients, and allows adding other ingredients.
Basically, this is a recipe from Old Russian cuisine, where fish liver was usual food, and every wife could choose which liver she preferred today for her family: burbot, pike perch, pike or any other one. Burbot’s liver is considered the tastiest (if choosing from river fish). An advantage of this salad is that it takes no more than 10 minutes to prepare.

Basic ingredients:

1 can “Cod liver in oil”
1/2 medium shallot onion
2-3 hard-boiled eggs
Salt on taste

Method:

Cut onion into very small pieces.
Note: You can pour hot water over it and then dry, if you do not like onions’ bitter taste.
Grate eggs in a dish.
Pour onion pieces in the dish.
Put pieces of cod liver in the dish and mix until even consistency.
Note: You can make this salad in a blender, but it is delectable if you mix it with a fork.
If you find the salad a little dry, add oil from the fish can, in drops, or add 1 tbsp mayonnaise, or 1 tbsp mayonnaise/sour cream mix.

A very similar recipe is “Salad from cod liver with fresh cucumber”.
If compared with the basic recipe, the additional ingredients are thinly cut cucumber, and pepper on taste. You have to add these ingredients to the basic salad, and mix until even consistency.

Saturday, August 06, 2005

Cutlets Pozharsky

There are many legends about this recipe, but we consider the following one the most believable.
A tavern, which belonged to the Pozharsky family, was in the small town Torzhok, which is on the Moscow-St.Petersburg road.
Emperor Alexander the First had to stop because his coach‘s wheel was broken, and his servant ordered a breakfast for the Emperor and his court. The Pozharsky tavern was the most respectable around, so they got this order.
But, there was a problem with the veal cutlets in this order.
The host tried to explain that it is not possible to get the veal cutlets, for he had no veal meat in his kitchen.
Nobody heard him.
Then, the smart hostess, Daria Pozharsky, decided to help her husband: she took a chicken and started to cook it by her own recipe.
When the Emperor ate these cutlets, he asked about their recipe, because he liked them very much.
When he found out that this was a chicken cutlet, he laughed, gave this recipe the name “Pozharsky’s cutlets” and ordered for Pozharsky to be the Provider of this dish for the Emperor’s Court.
Over the course of a day, the tavern became famous, and many well-known people went to dinner there.
For example, the most famous Russian poet, Alexander Pushkin was there and wrote a part of a poem about the tavern.

This tavern was a museum for many years, but in 2003 the old building burned down.
Cutlets “Pozharsky” are still in many restaurants’ menus.

Cutlets “Pozharsky”

Ingredients for 3:

1 chicken
6 pieces white bread,
1 stick of frozen butter
Pepper and salt on taste
3 eggs
3 tbsp white bread crumbs

Method:

Remove skin and bones of the chicken.
Grind the meat.
Soak white bread pieces in water or milk, mix it with ground meat, add half-stick frozen and shredded margarine or butter, salt, pepper, and grind this once or twice all together, then knead.
Whip eggs.
Take about ¼ lb mix, make an oval-shaped cutlet with wet hands, put a small piece of butter in the middle of cutlet. This is necessary to get a juicy cutlet.
Dip the cutlet in the whipped eggs, then roll the cutlet in breadcrumbs, and fry in a preheated skillet for about 2-3 minutes per side. You have to fry with butter or margarine.
When all the cutlets are done, place them in a preheated to 380 F oven for about 10 minutes.
Serve 2 cutlets per serving, with green peas, asparagus, cauliflower, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, and other, boiled in lightly salted water, vegetables on your taste.
Milk sauce is recommended with the vegetables.

Milk sauce:

Ingredients:

3 tbsp all-purpose flour
½ cup milk
Spices on taste (optional)

Method:

Cook 3 tbsp flour in a skillet, stirring, until the nut aroma appears. Add ½ cup of milk to the skillet in a thin stream, mixing thoroughly. When the sauce becomes a little denser than sour cream, it is ready. Of course, you can add your favorite spices to the sauce, if you like.
Pour the sauce over vegetables in a serving dish. Serve immediately.